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1.1 Analyse the effects of globalisation on organisations operating nationally using PESTLE approach

Globalisation and Corporate Governance

Unit Reference Number


Unit Title

Globalisation and Corporate Governance

Unit Level


Number of Credits


Total Qualification Time (TQT)

200 Hours

Guided Learning Hours (GLH)

100 Hours

Mandatory / Optional


Unit Grading Structure

Pass / Fail

Unit Aims

The aim of this unit is to develop learners’ understanding of the effect of legislation, ethics, and global integration on decisions, corporate governance, policies, processes and activities undertaken by organisations.

Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria

Learning Outcome – The learner will:

Assessment Criterion – The learner can:

1.  Be able to critically  discuss the impacts of globalisation on organisations.


Analyse the effects of globalisation on organisations operating nationally using PESTLE approach.


Evaluate the role of trading blocs such as the EU on organisations with global presence.


Explain the roles and responsibilities of international organisations for harmonising business practice globally.

2. Be able to critically  discuss the socio-cultural, ethical and moral issues that affect global organisations.


Critically analyse various socio-cultural, ethical and moral factors that may affect global organisations.


Compare and contrast organisational approaches to ethically manage a globally diverse workforce.


Critically discuss the roles and responsibilities of global organisations to improve workforce welfare.

3. Be able to analyse the role of corporate governance in global organisations.


Justify the significance of responsible corporate governance in global organisations.


Critically analyse the regulatory requirements that shape corporate governance in global organisations.


Critically evaluate the impact of regulatory requirements on corporate stakeholders’ interests in a global organisation.

4. Be able to critically discuss International Consumer Protection laws.


Analyse the significance of national and international legal frameworks covering consumer protection laws.


Examine key international consumer protection laws that may affect the operations of a global organisation.





Evaluate the measures that exist in a global organisation to protect consumers’ interests.

5. Be able to critically analyse regulations related to online trading.


Analyse the significance of the UK legislations related to online trading.


Determine the actions that need to be taken by organisations to ensure they are adhering to the key online trading legislations.


To achieve a pass for this unit, learners must provide evidence to demonstrate that they have fulfilled all the learning outcomes and meet the standards specified by all assessment criteria.

Learning Outcomes to be met

Assessment Criteria to be covered

Assessment type

Word count

(approx. length)

All 1 to 5

All ACs under LO 1 to 5


4500 words

Indicative contents

  • International business environment – PESTLE (political, economic, social, technical, legal, environmental) analysis; market size; economies of scale.
  • Multinational corporations: transnational corporations; international institutions – World Trade Organisation (WTO), World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Group of Twenty (G-20).
  • Global financial stability: capital investment; emerging economies (tiger  economies, BRIC economies); European Union (EU); international trading blocs, corporate values; corporate social responsibility; fair trade; transfer pricing; outsourcing; developing world production; human rights; child labour; intellectual property (copyrights, trademarks, patents); corruption; pariah states; piracy; counterfeiting; hegemony; cultural imperialism; cultural factors.
  • Social, cultural, ethical and moral issues: equal opportunities, diversity; disability; discrimination; racism; harassment; bullying; whistleblowing; privacy; confidentiality (up- to-date legislation covering these issues must be used); workforce profiling; dignity in the workplace; multi-culturalism, stereotyping; labelling; prejudice, glass ceilings; human rights; Citizen’s Charter, moral imperatives; value rigidity; empowerment; management styles; work-life balance; childcare provision; professional development; employee participation; ethical standards in business activities (finance, human resources, marketing, dealing with stakeholders); affirmative action; codes of practice; organisational policies; staff training.
  • Corporate governance: nature, purposes (direction, oversight, accountability);  board responsibilities; transparency; disclosure; objectivity; integrity; ethical behaviour; organisational culture; stakeholders’ interests; principal/agent; governance controls (internal, external); best governance practice. 1.1 Analyse the effects of globalisation on organisations operating nationally using PESTLE approach
  • Regulatory requirements: Cadbury report; Rutteman guidance; Greenbury report; Hampel report; Turnbull report; Higgs report; Smith report; Companies Acts (2004, 2006); the 8th Company Law Directive of the European Union (2006), Sarbanes Oxley Act (2002, US) – impact on domestic business;
  • Corporate Governance Code: stock exchange listing requirements;  incorporation  of legal and regulatory requirements into organisational policies, practice and procedures.
  • Environmental laws, issues: ecological and anthropocentric world views; climate change e. g. Kyoto Protocol, Rio Earth Summit; carbon emissions; biodiversity; environmental degradation; conservation; overpopulation; genetic engineering; resource use; resource depletion; waste; pollution; externalities, public goods, free goods; green accounting; balanced mandatory cards; corporate responsibilities; health and safety at work; accident prevention; employment contract; employer’s duty of care; occupational health
  • Environmental legislation: International policy, EU legislation; UK legislation; environmental protection (air, environmental permitting, land, waste, water, chemicals); noise and nuisance; climate change; energy conservation (the most up-to-date legislation covering these issues must be used).

Indicative Reading list

Key Reading list:

There are no essential resources required for this unit. A set of resources are needed to cover all LOs.

Additional Reading:

  • Bagley, C. E. (2012) The entrepreneur`s guide to business law. Mason, Ohio: South- Western.
  • Bently, L. (2008) Intellectual property law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Coteanu, C. (2005) Cyber Consumer Law and unfair trading practices: Unfair commercial practices (Markets and the Law). Kent: Ashgate Publishing.
  • Crane, A. and Matten, D. (2010) Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of Globalisation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Mallin, C. A. (2009) Corporate governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Solomon, J. (2010) Corporate governance and accountability. Hampshire: John Wiley and Sons.
  • MacIntyre, E. (2012) Business Law. Harlow: Pearson.
  • Cross, F. and Miller, R. (2014) The legal environment of business: Text and cases. Mason: Cengage Learning.
  • Worthington, I. (2009) The business environment. Harlow: FT Prentice Hall. 1.1 Analyse the effects of globalisation on organisations operating nationally using PESTLE approach


  • International Journal of Corporate Strategy and Social Responsibility;
  • Journal of Business Law & Ethics;
  • Journal of Business Ethics.
  • The Economist (The Economist Newspaper Ltd) has articles on corporate responsibility and governance from time to time;
  • The Times (Times Newspapers Ltd) has a specialist section on human resource related topics that it publishes once a week;


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