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1.1 Appraise business research problems by Assignment Experts UK

Advanced Business Research Methods

Unit Reference Number


Unit Title

Advanced Business Research Methods

Unit Level


Number of Credits


Total Qualification Time (TQT)

200 Hours

Guided Learning Hours (GLH)

100 Hours

Mandatory / Optional


Unit Grading Structure

Pass / Fail

Unit Aims

The aim of this unit is to develop learners’ ability to prepare for various types of academically based management research through the development and design of a research proposal. Learners will develop a critical understanding of the philosophical, practical and ethical concepts of research within the context of the business environment. Appraise business research problems

Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria

Learning Outcome – The learner will:

Assessment Criterion – The learner can:

1. Be able to develop research approaches in a business and economics context.


Appraise business research problems.


Develop and justify appropriate research aims and objectives within a defined scope and timeframe.


Critically explore, select and justify research approaches.

2. Be able to critically review literature on a business research topic.


Critically analyse different theoretical approaches to a research problem.


Create a structured and thorough critical literature review.

3. Be able to design business research methodologies.


Critically evaluate relevant research methodologies to reflect the research objectives.


Design an appropriate methodology in terms of the research objectives for a defined population.


Justify the methodology selected in terms of the research objectives within agreed ethical guidelines.

4. Be able to develop and present a research proposal.


Create a research question, literature review and methodology.


Propose techniques for use with quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis.


Present the proposal using suitable methods.


To achieve a pass for this unit, learners must achieve the learning outcomes and meet the standards specified by all assessment criteria.

Learning Outcomes to be met

Assessment Criteria to be covered

Assessment type

Word count

(approx. length)

All 1 to 4

All ACs under LO 1 to 4


2500 words

Indicative contents

  • Research problem identification: understanding the research context; research problem identification for investigation; research topic identification; the conceptualisation of a research problem; developing insights; feasibility and possibilities; the search for literatures; setting initial components e.g. working plan, research goals, time table and management, research process, monitoring, evaluation and revision. Appraise business research problems
  • Research problem selection and justification: rationale of the proposed research; appropriateness; reasons for selection of a specific research topic; skills, capacities and knowledge requirement identification; research question and hypothesis formulation; rationale elaboration; essential date setting; review and monitoring process.
  • Develop appropriate research objectives and justification: background, aims and objectives selection; reasons for these selections; length of the research; skills, capacities and knowledge enhancement e.g. literature review, methodology, research type selection, data collection and analysis, drawing a successful conclusion; critical knowledge on appropriate research methods e.g. qualitative and quantitative, statistical research tools; research validity,  reliability  and  ethical  issues;  critical  justification of these selections.
  • Literature review as relevant to the research problem and objectives: definition, features and ways to do literature review; the generic selection of literature; spotting the sources of literature; justification of an appropriate selection of literature.
  • To compare different theories and authors: the selection of appropriate theories for the research; conceptualisation of the research phenomenon; including relevant theories and the justification of choices; the strength and credentials of relevant theoretical framework; the understanding and interpretation; developing the theoretical framework.
  • Critical review of the key literature for inclusion in a research proposal while focusing on concepts and methodologies followed by other: knowledge on acceptability, reliability and validity of literature; the reference style of literature; key literature type selection e.g. journals, books, papers, conference papers; source of literature: library searches, internet, both online and offline publication media.
  • Research methodologies and relationship with research objectives: advanced knowledge on research methodologies; action research; intervention research; non- intervention research.
  • Design and choose an appropriate methodology in terms of the research objectives: designing a research using the most appropriate method; research question or hypothesis test; reliability and validity test; ethical  a n d  a c c e s s issues consideration; quantitative methodology; questionnaire design and distribution; conducting interviews; surveys; qualitative methodology; interviews; observation; case studies
  • Justify the methodology selected in terms of the research objectives: critical knowledge on questions on the questionnaire, interviewee selection,  data verification, bias, time and place selection, interview recording; justification of using any selected research tool.
  • Evaluate and use techniques for use with quantitative and qualitative data: types of data presentation and analysis; qualitative data analysis e.g. techniques of categorisation and coding; transcripts interpretation, data analysis process, data analysis, data presentation, the use of information technologies, quantitative data analysis e.g. value analysis, coding, data analysis manually and electronically;

Indicative Reading list

Core texts:

  • Cameron, S. (2005) The MBA Handbook. Harlow: Prentice Hall.
  • Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2010) Research Methods for Business Learners. Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Additional Reading:

  • Anderson, V . (2009) Research Methods in Human Resource Management. London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
  • Binsardi, A. (2008) Research Methods for Management. Cambridge: International Academic Press.
  • Booth, A., Papaioannou, D. and Sutton, A. (2012) Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. London: Sage Publications.
  • Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2011) Business Research Methods. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Burns, R. P. and Burns, R. (2008) Business Research Methods & Statistics Using SPSS. London: Sage Publications.
  • Cooper, D. R. and Schindler, P. S. (2006) Business Research Methods. Boston: McGraw Hill.
  • Deniels, P . and Becker, L. (2012) Developing Research Proposals. London: Sage Publications. Appraise business research problems
  • Denscombe, M. (2007) The Good Research Guide. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
  • Easterby-Smith, M., Thorpe, R. and Jackson, P. (2012) Management Research. London: Sage Publications.
  • Fink, A. (2009) Conducting Research Literature Reviews. London: Sage Publications. Flick, U. (2011) Your Research
  • Project. London: Sage Publications.
  • Gill, J. and Johnson, P. (2010) Research Methods for Managers. London: Sage Publications. Jankowicz, A. D. (2005). Business Research Projects. London: Thomson Learning.
  • Jesson, J. K., Matheson, L. and Lacey, F. M. (2011) Doing Your Literature Review. London: Sage Publications.
  • Keleman, M. L. and Rumens, N. (2008). An Introduction to Critical Management Research. London: Sage Publications.
  • Malhatra, N. K. (2007) Marketing Research: An Applied Orientation. New Jersey: Pearson.
  • McNiff, J. and Whitehead, J. (2009) Doing and Writing Action Research. London: Sage Publications.
  • Moutinho, L. and Hutcheson, G. D. (2011) The Sage Dictionary of Quantitative Management Research. London: Sage Publications.
  • Robson, C. (2002) Real World Research. Hampshire: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2009) Research Methods for Business Learners. Harlow: Financial Times/Prentice Hall.
  • Thomas, R. and Lynn, P. (2009) Survey Research in Practice. London: Sage Publications.


  • Journal of Mixed Methods Research;
  • Journal of Advances in Management Research;
  • Management Research Review;
  • Organisational Research Methods;
  • Qualitative Inquiry;
  • Qualitative Research;
  • Qualitative Research in Organisations and Management: An International Journal. Appraise business research problems


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