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# Assignment Brief (RQF)

## HNC/D in Civil Engineering: Unit 8:  Mathematics for Construction

 Student Name/ID Number: Unit Number and Title: Unit 8:  Mathematics for Construction Academic Year: 2019 / 2020 Assignment Title: Analyse engineering data and solve engineering problems Issue Date: 25/11/2019
 Submission Format: For Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3: Present a series of hand written or word processed responses. For Part 4: A report featuring graphical data that could be understood by a non-technical audience. For all Parts: The values in bold can be found on page 5. Your tutor will tell you which row you have been assigned. Unit Learning Outcomes: LO1 Identify the relevance of mathematical methods to a variety of conceptualised construction examples LO2 Investigate applications of statistical techniques to interpret, organise and present data by using appropriate computer software packages

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Assignment Brief and Guidance: Unit 8:  Mathematics for Construction

Part 1:

Data has been gathered from a lifting system used to transport structural components. The system consists of a drum and cable. The following data was obtained when the drum lowers the load (assume constant acceleration).

Drum diameter = 0.6m

Initial velocity = 0 m/s

Time to descend = A secs

Distance travelled = 0.4m

You have been asked to use this information to determine:

a)    The final linear velocity of the load

b)    The linear acceleration of the load

c)     The final angular velocity of the drum

d)    The angular acceleration of the drum

e)    The tension force in the cable

f)     The torque applied to the drum

In determining the above quantities, you should clearly state the formulae used and apply dimensional analysis techniques to show that all values/units used are homogeneous.

From the formulae used (above) you should apply dimensional analysis techniques to develop two equations for power (in terms of linear velocity and angular velocity).

Part 2:

a)    An excavator is purchased from new for £20,000. It is thought that the machine depreciates according to the following law; . Here  represents the time in years,   is the initial cost and  is the value after t years. k can be found in the table on page 5. Determine the time it takes for the machine to reach a value of £10,000.

b) A building site is shown below. Determine the perimeter of the site and calculate the area.

c) An electrical cable is to be suspended across two supports. The supports are a distance L metres apart. The cable forms the shape of a catenary of the form y = c cosh (x/c) where x = L/2. You have been asked to determine the fixing point height (y) if the minimum clearance (c) is to be 3m at the centre of the catenary.

Part 3:

a) The annual cost of hiring a machine is £8,000. The contract with the hiring company states the hiring cost is due to increase by £B each year. Determine the cost of hiring the machine during in year 12. Also calculate how much the machine will have cost in total during the first 15 years.

b) A drill is to have seven speeds ranging from 25 rev/min to C rev/min. If the speeds form a geometric progression, determine their value, each correct to the nearest integer.

Part 4:

Your company currently sources high-tensile steel bolts from Parker-Fasteners. A random sample of 42 bolts is selected at random and their nominal diameter is measured to the nearest hundredth of a millimetre. Your company specifies that the diameter of the bolt must lie between 10.20mm and 10.45mm inclusive. The results are as follows:

PARKER-FASTENERS (Diameters of bolts in mm)

10.39   10.36   10.38   10.36   10.37   10.40   10.28

10.40   10.36   10.28   10.42   10.34   10.46   10.35

10.36   10.49   10.35   10.45   10.29   10.39   10.38

10.38   10.35   10.42   10.30   10.26   10.37   10.33

10.37   10.34   10.34   10.32   10.33   10.30   10.38

10.48   10.35   10.38   10.27   10.37      Y          Z

a)    Summarise the data using computer software for the following techniques:

i)      A frequency distribution table.

ii)     The arithmetic mean.

iii)    The standard deviation.

iv)   A histogram.

b)    The bolts are delivered in batches of 500. Assuming that the diameter of the components follow a normal distribution, use a normal distribution curve to calculate the number of plugs from each supplier that can be expected to be outside of the tolerance specified (between 10.20mm and 10.45mm inclusive). You should assume the mean and standard deviation you have already calculated in a) is the same for the batch of 500.

c)     One of the machines producing the bolts is causing quality problems as P% of the bolts produced on this machine has been found to be defective. Find the probability of finding 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 defective parts in a sample of 30 parts (assuming a binomial distribution). You should also present a graphical illustration of the probabilities using appropriate computer software.

d)    The machine discussed in part c) is repaired. Your manager claims that after the repair the machine is still producing at least P% defective bolts. A sample of 50 bolts is taken and one is found to be defective. Use a hypothesis test to interpret the results and hence indicate whether to accept or reject your manager’s claim at a 5% significance level.

e)    Your manager has asked you to present and summarise, using appropriate software, the statistical data you have been investigating in Part 4 in a method that can be understood by non-technical colleagues.

 Student A k D L B C Y Z P 1 1.96 0.10 25 3.45 150 450 10.20 10.45 8.1 2 1.97 0.11 26 3.50 155 455 10.21 10.44 8.2 3 1.98 0.12 27 3.55 160 460 10.22 10.43 8.3 4 1.99 0.13 28 3.60 165 465 10.23 10.42 8.4 5 2.00 0.14 29 3.65 170 470 10.24 10.41 8.5 6 2.01 0.15 30 3.70 175 480 10.25 10.40 8.6 7 2.02 0.16 31 3.75 180 490 10.26 10.39 8.7 8 2.03 0.17 32 3.80 185 495 10.27 10.38 8.8 9 2.04 0.18 33 3.85 190 500 10.28 10.37 8.9 10 2.05 0.19 34 3.90 195 505 10.29 10.36 9.0 11 2.06 0.20 35 3.95 200 510 10.30 10.35 9.1 12 2.07 0.21 36 4.00 205 515 10.31 10.34 9.2 13 2.08 0.22 37 4.05 210 520 10.32 10.33 9.3 14 2.09 0.23 38 4.10 215 525 10.33 10.32 9.4 15 2.10 0.24 39 4.15 220 530 10.34 10.31 9.5 16 2.11 0.25 40 4.20 225 535 10.35 10.3 9.6 17 2.12 0.26 41 4.25 230 540 10.36 10.29 9.7 18 2.13 0.27 42 4.30 235 545 10.37 10.28 9.8 19 2.14 0.28 43 4.35 240 550 10.38 10.27 9.9 20 2.15 0.29 44 4.40 245 555 10.39 10.26 10.0 21 2.16 0.30 45 4.45 250 560 10.40 10.25 10.1 22 2.17 0.31 46 4.50 255 565 10.41 10.24 10.2 23 2.18 0.32 47 4.55 260 570 10.42 10.23 10.3 24 2.19 0.33 48 4.60 265 575 10.43 10.22 10.4 25 2.20 0.34 49 4.65 270 580 10.44 10.21 10.5 26 2.21 0.35 50 4.70 275 585 10.45 10.20 10.6

 Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: Learning Outcome Pass Merit Distinction LO1 Identify the relevance of mathematical methods to a variety of conceptualised construction examples. P1 Apply dimensional analysis techniques to solve complex problems. P2 Generate answers from contextualised arithmetic and geometric progressions. P3 Determine solutions of equations using exponential, trigonometric and hyperbolic functions. M1 Apply dimensional analysis to derive equations. LO1 & 2   D1 Present statistical data in a method that can be understood by a non-technical audience. LO2 Investigate applications of statistical techniques to interpret, organise and present data by using appropriate computer software packages P4 Summarise data by calculating mean and standard deviation, and simplify data into graphical form. P5 Calculate probabilities within both binomially distributed and normally distributed random variables. M2 Interpret the results of a statistical hypothesis test conducted from a given scenario.

Unit 8:  Mathematics for Construction

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