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1.1 Critically explain the significance of effective supply chain and operational management in achieving organisational objectives

Supply Chain and Operations Management

Unit Reference Number

R/616/2728

Unit Title

Supply Chain and Operations Management

Unit Level

7

Number of Credits

20

Total Qualification Time (TQT)

200 Hours

Guided Learning Hours (GLH)

100 Hours

Mandatory / Optional

Optional

Unit Grading Structure

Pass / Fail

Unit Aims

The aim of this unit is to develop learners’ understanding of the concepts and models of effective supply chain and operations management in competitive marketplaces using case studies and real-world industry scenarios. Learners will develop an understanding of operational processes, techniques, planning and control systems.

Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria

Learning Outcome – The learner will:

Assessment Criterion – The learner can:

1. Understand the relationship between supply chain management, operations management and organisational business objectives.

1.1

Critically explain the significance of effective supply chain and operational management in achieving organisational objectives.

1.2

Explain the relationship of supply chain management with other business functions in an organisation.

1.3

Critically analyse the key success factors that aid in developing an integrated supply chain strategy in an organisation.

2. Be able to critically analyse the role of technology in supplier relationships.

2.1

Critically evaluate factors and strategies that drive organisations to maintain supplier relationships.

2.2

Assess the use of information technology to create strategies to develop effective supplier relationships.

2.3

Recommend supplier relations systems to maintain relationships with suppliers.

3. Be able to critically analyse the importance of logistics and procurement in supply chain management.

3.1

Justify the importance and use of logistics in supply chain management in an organisation.

3.2

Evaluate the effectiveness of procurement strategies and procedures in an organisation.

3.3

Critically analyse factors that may improve logistics and procurement strategies in an organisation.

4. Be able to develop a systematic order of procurement and inventory control.

4.1

Design effective and economic order quantity for procurements in an organisation.

4.2

Critically evaluate the role of the principles of LIFO and FIFO in inventory control.

 

4.3

Evaluate the just in time systems of managing inventory.

5. Be able to develop a strategy to improve an organisation’s supply chain.

5.1

Analyse factors involved in developing a strategy to improve an organisation’s supplychain.

5.2

Plan various supply chain strategies to improve an organisation’s supply chain.

5.3

Justify the choice of a supply chain strategy according to its suitability, feasibility, acceptability and overall performance benefits in an organisation.

 

Assessment

To achieve a pass for this unit, learners must provide evidence to demonstrate that they have fulfilled all the learning outcomes and meet the standards specified by all assessment criteria.

Learning Outcomes

to be met

Assessment Criteria

to be covered

Assessment

type

Word count

(approx. length)

All 1 to 5

All ACs under LO 1 to 5

Coursework

4500 words

Indicative contents

  • Operations management: definition, aims, objectives, features; importance of effective operations management; the relationship of operations management with different areas of an organisation e.g. operations, management, administration, procurement; value chains.
  • Supply chain and operations management relationship types: basic and critical understanding of relationship between supply chain and operations management types; alliances e.g. strategic, adversarial, collaborative, developmental; business relationship e.g. supplier, business to business, business to consumer; networks e.g. personal, business; organisational; association e.g. supplier association; supplier development; intermediation and disintermediation. 1.1 Critically explain the significance of effective supply chain and operational management in achieving organisational objectives
  • Key success factors that support to develop an integrated supply chain strategy in an organisation: success factors identification and critical analysis; cost reductions and customer service; demand fulfilment; time compression; total ownership cost reduction; basic facilitators for effective supply chain management e.g. inventory, facilities, information, transportation, pricing, sourcing, technology, customer services.
  • Critically evaluate factors and strategies that drive operations management: the conceptual understanding of information technology and operation management; the impact of globalisation; factors to adopt information technology; the impact of IT on operations management.
  • Analyse and use information technology to create strategies to develop effective supplier relationships: the use of extranets, intranets, internets and virtual private networks to manage order processing, supply chain integration, tracking system and a comprehensive data interchange system on the web; supply and operational management information exchange; dependencies on digital platforms
  • Critical explanation of the importance and use of logistics in operations management in an organisation: logistics e.g. features in a changed global business organisational context; interrelationships with supply and operational chain management; logistics planning; control and functioning of product movement and storage; raw materials management; operational activities and marketing; product supply and information circulation; aspects covering product supply and use.
  • Evaluation of effectiveness of procurement strategies and procedures in an organisation: the key aspects of procurement;  the  selection of  suppliers;  policies  of procurement; optimal procurement; quality; reliability.
  • Critical analysis and discussion of factors to improve logistics and procurement strategies: factors of logistics and procurement strategy improvement; the role of external factors; internal factors as related to logistics and procurement; the role of stakeholders and beneficiaries; the development of logistics and procurement strategies.
  • Discuss the design effective and economic order quantity for procurements at an organisation: definition, aims, objectives, features and importance of procurement control; procurement control strategies; factors of procurement control.
  • Critical evaluation of the role of principles LIFO and FIFO in inventory control: inventory management; shipment; lead time reduction; lean organisational control; online business communities; information sharing; online inventory management; LIFO (First- in-first-out), FIFO (Last-in first-out) and AVCO (Average cost or weighted cost) e.g. definition, characteristics, capacities; effectiveness in changed global environments; roles in managing inflation, taxation and cost flow.
  • Evaluation of just in time systems of managing inventory: Just in Time (JIT) qualifications e.g. definition, features, capacities, tools and procedures; transaction cost reduction; purchasing capacities improvements; purchase scheduling; order processing; tracking.
  • Analysing factors and contextual environment of operations management: strategic implementation of stock holding reduction strategies; waste reduction strategy implementation; labour cost reduction strategies; manufacturing  facilities improvement; on time supply; customer service improvement; factors related to supply chain e.g. marketing, financial, sales, manufacturing, human resources; operational. 1.1 Critically explain the significance of effective supply chain and operational management in achieving organisational objectives
  • Developing metrics to monitor effectiveness and efficiency of operations management: critical knowledge on operations management metrics; operational understanding; application of these metrics in production, procurement, inventory, distribution, customer service, warehousing, transportation.
  • Plans to overcome barriers of supplying chain improvement strategy: strategic supply chain improvement barrier identification; problems of cash flow; lack of efficiencies in inventory management; distribution network inappropriateness; distribution strategy ineffectiveness; logistical activity trade-offs e.g. reducing transportation costs, inventory holding cost reduction; ineffective supply chain information sharing.
  • Propose a resource and time plan: problem identification for operations strategy implementation; strategic resource allocation plan; strategic time management plan; understanding the development areas of an organisation; comprehensive strategic management plan implementation covering areas as production management, distribution management, channel management, inventory management, customer service management, financial management, payment management, supplier management, and transportation management.

Indicative Reading list

Core texts:

  • Myerson, M. (2012) Lean Supply Chain and Logistics Management. New York: McGraw- Hill Books.
  • Slack, N. Brandon-Jones, A. and Johnston, R. (2013) Operations Management. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Additional Reading:

  • Bowersox, D., Closs, D. and Cooper, M. B. (2002) Supply Chain Logistics Management. New York: McGraw Hill Books.
  • Chaffey, D. (2009) E-Business and E-Commerce Management: Strategy, Implementation and Practice. Harlow: Financial Times/Prentice.
  • Christopher, M. (2013) Logistics and Supply Chain Management. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemman.
  • Mahadeva, B. (2010) Operations Management: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley (pvt.) Limited.
  • Sheffi, Y. (2005) The Resilient Enterprise: Overcoming Vulnerability for Competitive Advantage. Cambridge, MT: MIT Press.
  • Stadtler, H. and Kilger, C. (2008) Supply chain management and advanced planning: Concepts, models, software and case studies. Hamburg: Springer.
  • Turban, T., Lee, J. K., King, D., Liang, T. P. and Turban, D. (2010) Electronic Commerce 2010: A Managerial Perspective. 6th Edition. New York: Pearson Education.

Journals/newspapers:

  • The Financial Times very often publishes articles and news on supply and operations management;
  • European Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management;
  • Journal of Operations Management; 1.1 Critically explain the significance of effective supply chain and operational management in achieving organisational objectives
  • Supply Chain Management: An International Journal;

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