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LO1 Examine the factors influencing health status

Unit 5: Health Education in Action

Unit code

A/616/1640

Unit level

4

Credit value

15

Introduction

Health education involves both giving information and training individuals and communities to bring about better health outcomes. This role is a key feature of the role of nurses and other healthcare practitioners. Additionally, health education is also a key focus for the government. The financial budget for health education has significantly increased in recent years due to its significant benefits to health outcomes. This unit will support the development of students’ knowledge, understanding and skills regarding providing and supporting the provision of health education to improve the health and wellbeing of individuals accessing healthcare services.

This unit will develop students’ understanding of the factors that impact upon health and the methods that are used to identify health inequalities at a local level. Students will also develop their understanding of the relationship between health beliefs and illness. Students will be able to assess how health beliefs can influence communication between healthcare practitioners and clients, and how to address barriers that may occur as a result.

Theoretical models using health education to bring about behaviour change will be examined and students will be able to use one such model to implement a health education initiative. They will also be able to understand and apply methods used to evaluate health education initiatives.

This unit will be of interest to those individuals wishing to pursue a career as a nurse, health advisor and in other healthcare-related professions where they will need to take part in health education initiatives.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this unit students will be able to:

1      Examine the factors influencing health status

2      Investigate the impact of health beliefs on wellbeing and illness

3      Explore the relationship between theoretical models of health education and health behaviour

4      Implement a local health education initiative using a theoretical model of health education

Essential content: 

Unit 5: Health Education in Action

LO1 Examine the factors influencing health status

Factors influencing health Socio-economic factors Gender

Culture Education Lifestyle

Environmental factors Biological influence

The impact of ethnicity on health status Personal beliefs

Barriers in accessing healthcare Physical and mental disability Culture

Communication barriers Time

Income Health beliefs

Past experience

LO2 Investigate the impact of health beliefs on wellbeing and illness

Health beliefs and illness Attribution  theory Health locus of control Risk perception Unrealistic optimism

Self-efficacy

Relationship between communication with healthcare practitioners and health beliefs

Respect and a shared understanding Resistance

Lack of trust in practitioners Communication methods

Communication skills

Environment in which the communication takes place Appropriate timing

Culture

Lack of information and transparency from practitioners

LO3 Explore the relationship between theoretical models of health education and health behaviour

Key concepts:

Health promotion: influencing the wider environmental, educational, socio- political and cultural determinants of health

health education: providing individuals and communities with information and giving them strategies to improve their health

Recognising these concepts are often used interchangeably in healthcare

Theoretical models used in health promotion and education

Stages of Change Model

Health Action Process Approach Social cognition models:

Health Belief Model Protection Motivation Theory

Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behaviour

Contemporary examples of health education campaigns using theoretical models. Campaigns selected must reflect local health education priorities and initiatives

With regards to e.g. Common diseases and conditions, safe sex, adherence to medication, smoking, diet, drugs, health screening, alcohol

Health improvement strategies used in different campaigns

LO4 Implement a local health education campaign initiative using a theoretical model of health education

Current local demographic data on health status

National Department(s) of Health (regional and local data)

National and International Public Health Bodies (regional and local data) World Health Organisation (global and regional data)

The World Bank website (global and regional data

Identifying a suitable health education initiative

Local health priorities

Previous and current initiatives

Involving healthcare practitioners and local communities in determining a suitable priority

Planning an initiative setting objectives and selecting strategies

Aims Objectives

Available resources Timeframe

Financial implications SMART targets Strategies

Health models

Involvement of healthcare practitioners, carers and parents/families, advocates

Implementing a plan Resources Timeframe

Role of practitioners

Evaluation methods used in health education campaigns and initiatives

Change in health awareness Changes in knowledge or attitude Behaviour change

Changes in health status Self-evaluation Feedback from others

Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria

Pass

Merit

Distinction

LO1 Examine the factors influencing health status

 

P1 Compare a range of factors that impact on health status

P2 Explain potential barriers service users face when accessing healthcare services using examples from own work placement

M1 Assess potential measures to address barriers service users face when accessing healthcare

D1 Evaluate the influence of factors and health beliefs in communication strategies healthcare practitioners in own locality use to support individuals to achieve better health

LO2 Investigate the impact of health beliefs on wellbeing and illness

 

P3 Explain the relationship between health beliefs and illness

M2 Analyse a range of factors that affect the communication between service users and healthcare practitioners

 

LO3 Explore the relationship between theoretical models of health education and health behaviour

LO3 and LO4

D2 Evaluate the success of own health education initiative and make recommendations for future health education campaigns

P4 Compare and contrast health education and health promotion and strategies used in each to effect health improvement

P5 Describe how different theoretical models are reflected in different local health education campaigns

M3 Explain in detail how different models of health education have been used to elicit changes in behaviour using contemporary examples

LO4 Implement a local health education initiative using a theoretical model of health education

 

P6 Explain the need for a health education initiative using current local demographic data and a relevant theoretical model

M4 Implement a well- planned local health education initiative that addresses a current local health issue

 

P7 Produce an accurately detailed plan for a local health education initiative that addresses a current local health issue

 

 

Unit 5: Health Education in Action


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